Captopril is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) which prevents production of angiotensin-II hormone in the human body. The preventive nature of this drug occurs by inhibiting a converting enzyme called angiotensin-I. It makes the flow of blood easier by relaxing blood vessels.
This is a drug prescribed by doctors for patients who are suffering from heart problems and also to treat hypertension. By controlling high blood pressure, it helps in preventing heart attacks, strokes, and kidney failure. It can be used to deter problems caused by diabetes, such as kidney problems, and to build strength after suffering from a heart attack. This drug can also be taken in combination with other drugs. The protective action helps limit many problems. It eases the flow of blood to the heart by widening the blood vessels with the help of ACE inhibitors. When general medical treatment is ineffective, this drug is very useful to treat even mild to moderate high blood pressure. This drug is effective alone and also in combination with thiazides, which are antihypertensives, to control blood pressure.
Dosage and administration
Captopril is available in tablet form with 12.5 mg, 25 mg, or 50 mg strengths. The dosage of this drug varies from one patient to another, depending on the urgency and patient’s condition. Generally, it is advised that the first dosage of this tablet is to be taken before bedtime because it may make you feel dizzy on its first dose. It is best to take the tablets at the same time every day. Do not take more than the prescribed dose and avoid taking it longer than recommended by your doctor.
Improper consumption of this drug may cause some side effects. Consult your doctor and stop taking this drug immediately if you do not feel well after consuming this drug. Some common side effects of this drug are coughs, rashes, itching, and pain in the feet and hands. Other side effects are as follows,
- Low heart rate
- Weakness in the muscle
- Chest pain
- Formation of less urine