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Levofloxacin

Levofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is prescribed to help treat certain bacterial infections such as, sinusitis, urinary tract infections, skin infections, etc.

US Brand Name Levaquin
Generic Name Levofloxacin
Other Brand NameLevoquin, Levoflox, Tavanic, Lquin
Manufacturer Acme, German Remedies, Glenmark, Macleods Pharmaceuticals, PROTEC, Zydus Cadila, Micro Labs, Aventis, Cipla
Packing 10
Form Tablet
Strength 750 mg, 500 mg, 250 mg
Available online

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Details

Introduction

Levofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is prescribed to help treat certain bacterial infections such as sinusitis, urinary tract infections, skin infections, etc. It is not used to treat viral infections such as the cold or flu.

Use

It can be used to treat various types of bacterial infections such as acute bacterial sinusitis, urinary tract infections, infections of the prostate, gastroenteritis, etc. It may be used to treat pneumonia, tuberculosis, meningitis, or pelvic disease in conjunction with the use of other medicines. It can be administered orally or intravenously.

The drug exerts its effect by the inhibition of bacterial topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase enzymes. These enzymes are required in the process of DNA replication, transcription, and recombination. By inhibiting these enzymes, it prevents the proliferation of the bacteria.

Dosage and administration

Levofloxacin is available in the market, in the form of tablets in the concentrations of 250 mg, 500 mg, and 750 mg. Take the tablet with a glass of water, with or without food. Do drink plenty of fluids throughout the day when using this medication.

Take the drug at the same time of the day, each day. It is important that you complete the prescribed drug course even if the symptoms subside early, otherwise it may lead to a more resistant form of the disease.

The dose strength for an adult depends on the type of infection for which the drug is prescribed. Usually, the tablets are to be taken orally in the strengths of 250 mg, 500 mg, or 750 mg, once a day. The medication is to be taken for a period of 5 to 10 days.

Warning

Remember to follow these precautions while taking this medicine-

  • Consult with your doctor about any allergies to this drug or to any other substances. Also, the patient is advised to inform about his or her medical history, such as any history of diabetes, heart problems, kidney disorders, myasthenia gravis, etc. Let the doctor know about all the prescribed and non prescribed drugs, as well as any vitamin supplements that you are taking.
  • This drug may cause fluctuations in the blood sugar levels, hence it is advised to regularly monitor the glucose levels of the body and look out for symptoms such as excessive sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. Immediately seek medical help in case of any serious reactions.
  • Using the drug may cause dizziness, hence you are advised not to drive or operate any heavy machinery after taking the drug. Also, avoid alcohol consumption.
  • Side effects

    The following side effects may occur with the use of this medication-

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Heartburn
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness