Tetracycline capsule is a drug medicine serves as antibiotic that actively fight against Chlamydia psittaci, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Hemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and other microorganism. It stops the development of the bacteria through stopping the microorganisms to create proteins so they cannot survive. A kind of tetracycline drug which comes first in 1948 is chlortetracycline.
Tetracycline comes in an odorless but yellow crystalline powder. Tetracycline appears stable in the air yet too much exposure to sun it darkens. Solutions of below pH 2 and rapid detrustion of alkali hydroxide solutions affects the potent tetracycline. It is very minimal dissolvable in water yet freely dissolvable in solutions of alkali hydroxide and in diluted acid, solubility is sparing in alcohol and not soluble in ether and chloroform. Every capsule which is good to take orally has 250 mg or 500 mg tetracycline hydrochloride along with other inactive ingredients like D&C Yellow #10, colloidal silicon dioxide, gelatin, propylene glycol, pregelatinized starch, titanium dioxide, modified shellac glaze, and stearic acid. Capsule with 250 mg has Aluminum Lake FD&C Blue #1, black iron oxide, Aluminum Lake FD&C Blue #2, FD&C Yellow #6 and FD&C Red #40 Aluminum Lake. While capsule with 500 mg have FD&C Blue #1, simethicone, ammonium hydroxide and FD&C Red #40.
Tetracycline is effective for various types of infections due to susceptible microorganisms. These include infections in skin, urinary tract, and the respiratory tract. This drug medicine is also good for the treatment of typhus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, cholera, anthrax, acne, nongonococcal urethritis, chancroid, brucellosis, and syphilis. This medicine also works well when combined with other medications for fast treatment of the bacteria causing ulcers, Helicobacter pylori and stomach inflammation as well as duodenu.
Dosage and administration
Two hours before and after meals is the prescribed intake of this medicine because food lessens the concentration of tetracycline. Patients must take the tetracycline two to four times every day good for seven to fourteen days medication applicable for most infections. Adult must take a dose of 1 to 2 g per day in two to four doses divided equally.
This medicine is not a good recommendation. For pregnant women as it can impair the development of the fetus bone, not unless there is other right antibiotic. Also it is not allowed for those who are breast-feeding their babies.
Using this drug medicine as antibiotics may also spread the growth of other organisms like fungi. If there is occurrence of severe infections, patient must stop using his medicine. It already requires appropriate and immediate medication with a doctor’s prescription. Requirement of ten days medication for all infections is good as it is due to hemolytic streptococci, Group A beta. Adults may acquire benign intracranial hypertension and infants may get bulging fontanels in using this drug but it will just disappear when medication is stop. When user continues to use this drug without a proof or doctor’s prescription with only assumption that such condition is an infection may lead to the user’s high risk of developing a resistant-drug bacteria.
Tetracycline is normally tolerable for many patients. Generally, the most common side effects are loose stools, diarrhea, nausea, rash, vomiting and abdominal pain. Also, dizziness and headache may appear in some patients, teeth discoloration for patients below eight years old with too much sunburn. Thus patients must avoid too much exposure to sun during the treatment.
Store the tetracycline in room temperature below 300 C or 860 F.