Lamivudine is used together with other anti-retroviral medicines in the treatment of HIV-1 infection and chronic hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection.
Lamivudine is a nucleoside analogue, it works by destroying CD4 helper cells and stopping the HIV virus from spreading.It blocks the action of the Reverse Transcriptase enzyme which helps the virus replicate, this results in destroying the viral HIV chain
Patients who take Lamivudine may suffer from such side effects;
Cramps and Abdominal pain,
Ear and/or Nasal infection,
Abacavir is an antiretroviral medicine, Abacavir is used in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Abacavir slows the progress of HIV infections, it controls the HIV virus and prevents it from spreading
Abacavir treats HIV infections by inhibiting viral reverse transcriptase and DNA polymerases. The HIV virus needs An enzyme called RT (reverse transcriptase) to replicate its DNA in order to spread and infect more cells. Abacavir works by blocking the reverse transcriptase, this then helps to terminate the DNA chain and prevent the virus from multiplying. Abacavir slows down the HIV Infection progress in the body but it is not a cure.
Patients who take Abacavir may suffer from such side effects;