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Budesonide

Budesonide Rotacap with Rotahaler is a corticosteroid prescribed for the maintenance treatment of asthma.

US Brand Name Pulmicort Rotacaps
Generic Name Budesonide
Other Brand Name Budecort- 200, Budecort- 400
Manufacturer Cipla
Packing 30
Form Rotacaps with Rotahaler
Strength 100 mcg, 200mcg, 400 mcg

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Details

Introduction

Budesonide is often used as an inhaler medication prescribed for the maintenance treatment of asthmatic patients. It belongs to a class of drugs called corticosteroids.

Use

The drug is used to control symptoms of asthma such as shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, or wheezing. It is often not used alone to treat asthma. Budesonide is a glucocorticoid, which has anti inflammatory action that reduces the inflammation and spasms of the air passage that are caused by asthma. The anti inflammatory action is due to the reduced cytokines of the mast cells and lymphocytes. It also reduces the quantity and viscosity of the secreted mucus during an allergic reaction that blocks the airway. Once inhaled, it travels from the mouth to the lungs and relaxes the lungs as well as the airways to ease the breathing process.

Dosage and administration

Budesonide is available as rotacaps in doses of 100 mcg, 200 mcg, and 400 mcg. The rotacaps must be used with a rotahaler. The rotacaps should not be swallowed. The prescribed dose may vary depending on the individual’s age, sex, and weight. Always follow the doctor’s instructions and read the directions stated on the prescription label.

The initial prescribed dose is 400 mcg per day in 2 divided doses, which can gradually be increased up to 1.6 mg per day if the case is severe.

The usual maintenance dose is 200-400 mcg/day. In case you miss a regular dose of the drug, do not take two doses at once. Just go for the next dose.

Warning

  • Before you take the medicine, inform the doctor if you are allergic to the drug or to any other substances.
  • This medication should be used with caution in patients with tuberculosis, high blood pressure, diabetes, infections, increased ocular pressure, cataracts, or bleeding problems.
  • Pregnant women and breast feeding mothers are to use this medication only if it has been prescribed by the doctor.
  • Avoid any kinds of vaccination while you are on this drug regime.
  • Do not stop taking this medicine before consulting your doctor.
  • There is an increased risk of developing new infections since this medication decreases the number of white blood cells and the immune response of the body, hence you should seek advice from your doctor regarding infection prevention and control measures.
  • Although rare, but in case of any serious side effects such as hypersensitivity reactions like feeling short of breath or pain and discomfort in the chest, extreme tiredness or fatigue, etc., discontinue the use of this medicine and consult your doctor immediately.
  • Side effects

  • Candidiasis (fungal infection of the oral mucosa)
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Smell and taste disturbances
  • Mood changes
  • Coughs
  • Itching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness