Atenolol belongs to the group of medicines called cardioselective beta blockers. It usually dilates your veins and arteries and hence reducing the pressure needed from the heart for blood to flow. This is what makes the drug appropriate for treating hypertension and chest pains and the prevention of heart attacks. This drug readily dissolves in water but is less soluble in chloroform.
The Atenolol tablet contains: magnesium stearate, sodium starch glycolate, povidone and crystalline cellulose. It helps delay the function of the heart thus reducing the pressure of the blood. Nifedipine on the other hand is a potent calcium antagonist that aids at calming the blood vessels as well as opening them. This permits the blood to flow.
Atenolol should strictly be taken in the prescribed amounts for the prescribed period of time. A deviation from such a prescription could have serious negative repercussions. In addition, you should follow the instructions on the label of the drug. Every dose should be taken with plenty of water and should be taken at similar times every day. The prescription given by the doctor should neither be halted nor skip any of the doses. Either of these conditions will only make the condition under treatment worse. This treatment needs close monitoring and therefore, you should attend all your appointments with the doctor to have your blood pressure checked and the necessary adjustments to your medication made. Usually blood pressure shows almost no symptoms and therefore, if this is the condition you are being treated for, then you should ensure you finish the dosage. This is even in the cases of immense improvement.
Dosage and administration
Atenolol should be taken in amounts of 50mg once through the mouth on a daily basis. In the event whereby no improvements are registered, the doctor might adjust the dosage to 100mg once in a day every day. Remember that this is the dosage for high blood pressure. This varies with other conditions and you should consult your doctor for that information.
Atenolol is contraindicated in people who suffer from the following conditions: cardiogenic shock, bradycardia, ongoing phiochromocytoma and a history of heart failure.
Atenolol should be prescribed with caution to patients with diabetes, bronchospastic and hypogycemia. Therefore, if you suffer from any of these conditions it would be a good idea to let your doctor be aware of it. Atenolol is known to worsen disorders of the periphery's artery circulation. Therefore, this drug should be administered with the right adjustments for such patients. It has not yet been determined how safe or how effective Atenolol is once it is administered to pediatric patients. It would therefore be necessary to monitor these patients more closely than any other patient. If there is an occurrence of bradycardia during the medication of atenolol, this medication should be halted for some time.
Atenolol is known to interact with drugs like guanabenz, digoxin, diabetis medication, heart medication, medication for asthma, diet pills, medication for colds and stimulants like caffeine.
The side effects associated with this drug are breathing difficulties, facial swelling, hives, swelling of lips and tongue swelling. The occurrence of either of these conditions should be reported to a doctor immediately. However, there are other minor side effects and they include headaches, decreased libido, fatigue and insomnia.
Atenolol should be stored at room temperatures away from the reach of children and in a dry place.